The facial expression is very important for many people. A problem can be sunken cheeks, false contours or facial injuries. Facial implants are used for reconstruction, enlargement or rejuvenation of different areas. Thanks to these implants you can, for example:
- Achieve balance in the facial features,
- Correct sunken cheeks,
- Highlight cheekbones,
- Correct retracted chin,
- Correct malformation of the lower jaw,
- Achieve symmetrical appearance of the face,
- Rejuvenate the face by tightening the skin.
The surgery to model the face with implants may also be combined with other treatments, e.g. with facelift.
There are several types of implants, that are used in both aesthetic surgery and reconstructions. They are made of different materials and can have different sizes and shapes. The implants are adapted to the cheeks, nose, chin and lower jaw.
Face implants – course of the procedure
The course of implantation is similar for all facial parts. In doing so, the doctor makes a small incision in a hidden place, near the place where the implant is to be placed. Mostly it is: inside of the mouth at the level of the gums, lower eyelid or chin. Thereafter, a bag is created and the implant is inserted therein. After completion of the implantation, the incision is stitched together and provided with a bandage.
The operation in which the shape of the face is modeled, may be combined with other methods, e.g. with a lift of the forehead, face or eyelid correction. Implants of cheeks can be inserted simultaneously through the lifting incisions.
Postoperative course in facial modeling – facial implants
After the procedure, redness, bruising or swelling can be observed, which in some places may remain visible for a certain time.
Time to recovery takes about 7 to 10 days. During this period, one should treat the site of surgery with cold compress. For up to 7 days you should limit your facial movements, follow a semi-fluid diet and not bow. For several days biting and chewing can be difficult. If the incisions were made around the oral cavity, do not brush your teeth with a brush and rinse the oral cavity with a special disinfectant after each meal. The sutures are usually removed after 7 days. Soluble sutures are resolved after 10 days at the earliest.
Potential complications – facial implants
As with any surgery, theoretically complications can occur. In this form of implantation problems are really rare. Patients must be informed by the doctor about potential complications. Strict adherence to medical instructions minimizes the risk of complications. The most common problems are: displacement of the implant (a corrective surgery necessary) or infections (treated with antibiotics or a temporary removal of the implant). For several days after the procedure, the patient should prophylactically use antibiotics.
Facial implants – Anesthesia
The procedure of implantation of silicone elastomer or inserts lasts from 45 minutes to 2 hours and is performed under local anesthesia or general anesthesia.
Necessary conditions for the operation
Necessary conditions for this procedure are a good, general health condition and correct values of basic laboratory tests. Important contraindications to the procedure are: vascular defects, blood clotting disorders, uncontrolled arterial hypertension, uncontrolled diabetes, pyoderma, purulent mucosal infection, herpes and pregnancy in women.
Necessary examinations for blood coagulation disorders
– Examination of bleeding time and blood clotting time
If the procedure is performed under general anesthesia
– Liver function tests
– Blood sugar level and serum creatinine level
After a procedure under local anesthesia, the patient may immediately leave the clinic with an attendant. After an operation under general anesthesia, the patient usually has to stay in the clinic for one day. The absence takes usually 7 days.